January 2017

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Volunteers, researchers, guests and staff sharing information on a weekend hike.

Finally it is the New Year – 2017.   Not that we have been waiting for it to happen. But, 2016 seemed to come with its challenges – Politics, climate change impacts, race and cultural relations etc.   With world leadership uncertainties and now possible new environmental policies in the US that could effect us all worldwide, we hope for the best.   And also at the reserve as we continue to grow and expand our educational programs there has been some growing pains.  We are accepting more student groups and researchers which comes with infrastructure needs. Now we need more bathrooms, a bigger kitchen, and always newer equipment. But this is all for the better because the more research that is done and the more people we can reach the bigger the impact we will have.

Research and Volunteering:

Britt van Engelen from the Netherlands presented her 5 month research project. Her study was about the relationship and corrilation between food availability (fruits and flowers) and bird abundance on the reserve.

She used data from the ongoing bird surveys and then did her own fruit and flower counts.This was a a difficult research project and she indicated that it will require further data collection, hopefully with a future researcher. In that way more information can be collected throughout different times of the year.


 

Justin Roberts and Daniella Garvue are travelling for 3 months and volunteering along the way.  They say it gives them the opportunity to get to know the people and the area.  They have taken enough time off to travel and spend all of their money in a very rewarding way.  They are from Seattle Washington.  Daniella works in a children’s museum and Justin is a guide for tourists in the area.  They are staying 2 weeks at Cloudbridge helping out with all kinds of maintenance work and taking time to do some hiking.

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Daniella – “I decided to travel to Costa Rica because of its incredible biodiversity and natural beauty, and I wanted to do some good there as I expanded my world.”

Justin – “I see nature/habitat conservation as one of the most important remedies for a world that is rapidly losing the richness of species and ecosystems that make life on Earth so amazing.”


 

Jacob Suissa and Sylvia Kinosian are both interested in ferns. Sylvia Kinosian is working on her PhD at Utah State University. Jacob is an intern at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington DC.

They were in the Costa Rica taking a fern course through the Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS). While here they decided to come up to Cloudbridge for a few days to check out the ferns and do a little identification.

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Laura Hollingbery from the UK is a volunteer who just finished a degree in Ecology.  Volunteering at a place like this is part of her 3 month adventure. She is interested in mosses and is going to do a project to study them while here. When she gets back home her plan is to do a one year internship before going to India to do a masters program.  There she hopes to study human rights and environmental law.

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From the Camera Traps:

 

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As you may recall several months back we captured a photo of our first jaguar at the reserve.  Well, here he is again seen on January 7th.  If you compare the markings on the left (2016 photo) to the new photo it looks like it could be our old friend.  He must have decided to stick around.

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Also seen  this month are these characters:

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Long Tailed Weasel

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Cacomistle

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Peccaries

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Coyote

Weird Orchids

Our biologist Jenn Powell found these amazing orchids

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Angels

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Little people

 

 

Study Abroad in Costa Rica – Gatton Academy 2017

Clouds over Mountains

Clouds over Mountains – Gatton students arrive to mountain views and mesmerizing clouds.

 

Every year we look forward to the visit from the students of The Gatton Academy of Mathematics and Science (part of Western Kentucky University).  This educational institution has received numerous accolades throughout the years and is named among the top-preforming high schools across the United States.  Their visit to Costa Rica includes a turtle project, a visit along the southern coast for snorkeling, horseback riding and wildlife adventures, as well as cloud forest studies up here at  the Cloudbridge Nature Reserve.  It all sounds like a great holiday; but these students are researching, doing presentations and gaining cultural and environmental experiences every step of the way.

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The students begin their day very early in the morning.  They have to be at breakfast by 7:00 am and then out in the field working on their research projects by 8:00 am. (This schedule differs from their time at the turtle project where they were out walking the beaches in late night shifts collecting data for turtle conservation.)  At Cloudbridge they are also studying conservation but this time it is about the forests and ecosystems at a higher elevation.  The 16 students are divided up to do group research on trees, insects, plants and butterflies.

 

Early morning at the dorms

Early morning at the dorms – every day seems to be laundry day here.

 

A hardy breakfast to get them up the mountain

A hardy breakfast to get them up the mountain

Everyone eats very well thanks to wonderful cooks.  The food is a fusion of Costa Rican flavours and student favourites – Mango chili, grilled cheese sandwiches, soups, burritos, spaghetti, pancakes, pineapple crisp, chocolate cake and fresh wholewheat bread to name a few. We shop locally for fresh fruits and veggies to provide nutritious plant based meals.

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Beth, Laura, Angie and Lou provided Cloudbridge cuisine.

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The great thing about this visit is that we are in our 7th year of this study abroad program with Gatton.  All of our staff/leaders – Tom, Frank, Jenn, Clarice, and Linda have developed long lasting friendships with the Gatton (Western Kentucky University) staff. We have as much fun (maybe more) than the students.

Martin, Derrick and Frank having a little down time at the coffee table.

Martin, Derick and Frank having a little down time at the coffee table.

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Dr. Derick Strode , Dr. Martin Stone, Linda and Tom (Cloudbridge) – Now considered long time friends.

Tom with our good friend Dr. Keith Philips

Tom with our good friend Dr. Keith Philips

 

Tom still has it when it comes to leading the long hikes - notice the students struggling behind him!

Tom still has it when it comes to leading the long hikes – notice the students struggling behind him!

Frank is our butterfly expert. As you can see he has much finess with his netting demonstration. netting.

Frank is our butterfly expert – as you can see in the finesse of this netting demonstration.

 

Early morning near the dorms

Jenn Powell has extensive experience in field research.

 

Clarice and her epyphyte group

Clarice Esch and her epiphyte group –  Clarice was a Gatton student 7 years ago.  Now she is working on her graduate degree, but returns to Cloudbridge every year as a leader for this study abroad program.

 

Linda assists with the tree group as well as teaching the jungle art class

Linda assists with the tree group as well as teaching the jungle art class and gives a climate change presentation.

 

 

Out in the field, or should I say high on the slopes, the student groups are introduced to tropical reforestation and environmental research. This is not necessarily the main interest or career focus of every student. This school has students with engineering, math and computer science minds to name a few.  Never the less everyone jumps into the particular study group that they have been assigned and the magic of nature and the challenges of biology open up new perspectives.

Clarices epiphyte group on their way up the trail

Clarice’s epiphyte group on their way up the trail

 

Collecting data

Collecting data

 

Soil evaluation - does throwing it in the air to see if it stays together count as a viable test?

Soil evaluation – does throwing it in the air to see if it stays together count as a viable test?

 

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Identifying the right plants can be a challenge

 

Research:

90% of butterfly species live in the tropics.  Research about diversity of tropical butterfly populations helps to effectively conserve them.  The students in this group didn’t know much about butterflies when they started their week long study. Using sweep nets and canopy traps they were able to catch and identify each species. There is a technique for using the nets. With a ‘swish and flick’ motion they were able to capture them and then learned how to hold them carefully for examination without injuring these delicate organisms.  Learning about coloration, wing shapes, vein patterns, and body characteristics is all part of the identification process. The students soon learn how subtle some of the differences are between species. Using tools such as the Simpsons Index of Diversity along with their collection of data they were able to make some interesting generalizations considering the short time frame and complexity of habitat for the study.

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The correct way to examine a butterfly

The correct way to hold and examine a butterfly

 

 

Analyzing tree health is vital for reforestation projects. The students took a look at what factors effect a saplings tree health within its first 5 years of growth.  Some of the factors included canopy closure, altitude, slope, soil type and competition from other plants.  Of course there are so many other variables such as climate and insects and diseases that were not accounted for in this short term study.  Never the less they put together some interesting data and looked at correlations that might be helpful for further planting studies.  The success of reforestation projects will determine the outcome of species diversity, wildlife conservation and successful ecosystem recovery.

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Determining soil type

 

Canopy cover data is measured using a decimetre

Canopy cover data is measured using a densiometer

 

Determining tree health through measurements and observing leaves and roots within a planting plot

Determining tree health through measurements and observing leaves and roots within a planting plot

 

 

There was a couple of groups studying plants – epiphytes and understory plants.  You need to know botany basics for identification. Venation patterns, petiole length, texture and serration of the leaf edges are all important to determine the family or genus.  For the understory plants the students concluded that diversity increases as the planting plot age increased until about 15 years.  At that point it started to decrease, probably due to the canopy cover shading out some of the plants.  The epiphyte research looked at bromeliads, lichens, moss, ferns and angiosperms. One conclusion is that moss is always present and the most common of all epiphytes in the cloud forest.  Variables in elevation and slope can also be a factor when looking at plants.

Bromeliad

Bromeliad

Team work

Team work

Mapping epiphyte research areas on the reserve

Mapping epiphyte research areas on the reserve

 

Dung beetles are a good indicator of biodiversity in the area.  They exist on every continent with the exception of Antarctica.  Keith Philips is an expert on this subject and provided a wealth of information from his years of research.  The students set traps in the primary and secondary forests as well as in adjacent pasture land.   Learning how to make their own traps, collect the beetles and then ID them was all part of the process.  They concluded that there is more diversity and abundance in the primary forest.

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Keith demonstrating how to set dung beetle traps

Keith demonstrating how to set dung beetle traps

 

 

Scientific investigations in the realm of biology and environmental studies are complex.  Often results are inconclusive and there are many variables at play. The field research provides an opportunity to explore the environment with hands on experience.  The students learn how to gather and integrate information through observations, identification, and sampling methods. Critical thinking, communicating and proposing solutions are also part of the process.  These skills will be useful for all of their future studies.

Part of what was so interesting with these young people was how innovative and creative they could be.  For instance, one group needed to measure the slope but they didn’t have any tools on site with which to do this.  Within minutes they began to collaborate on what would work and they came up with a protractor of sorts using the back of a notebook, a weight, and a string.

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Measuring slopes by improvising

Measuring slopes by improvising

 

Another group didn’t have the densiometer to measure canopy cover and so someone used their glasses to receive the reflection and then they did a % calculation from that observation.

Not too scientific but its a good example of problem solving!

Not too scientific but its a good example of problem solving!

 

Talking Climate Change

The reality of climate change at our reserve has never been clearer.  The last two years have seen much warmer temperatures on the mountain.  This equates to lower survival rates of our seedlings and changing ecosystems for wildlife.

Our solution is education. We have 3 climate leaders at Cloudbridge. Tom, Linda and Frank took the world renowned Climate Reality Leadership Corps training  and now give presentations to student groups, volunteers and researchers who come to the reserve.

We hope that educating our visiting Gatton students about climate change will inspire them to be leaders in their future careers in a way that will be sustainable and bring climate action to the forefront of their work environments.  After all, it will be within their lifetime when food and water security will be at risk along with species extinction if they don’t choose to act.

Leading by example can challenge students to make changes …

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…and then challenging them to do what they can:

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Time for some relaxation and fun!

The San Isidro farmers market is a great place to find new and exotic fruits

The San Isidro farmers market is a great place to find new and exotic fruits

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No shopping trip is complete without purchasing some Costa Rican machetes

 

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Mountain swimming is not for the faint at heart - BRRRR

Mountain swimming is not for the faint at heart – BRRRR

 

A long hot hike into the bordering national park.

A long hot hike into the bordering national park.

 

Sketching lessons can teach observation skills and might be needed out in the field to record ideas or just for fun!

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Sketching Classes

 

A cultural night included Costa Rican traditional food and music.

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We have some strict rules for those who leave their stuff lying around and cluttering up the dining area.  At every meal there were a few who were disciplined and had  to sing a song because of their clutter bug tendencies.

Dr. Martin Stone and The Forgetful Four singing "My Old Kentucky Home'

Dr. Martin Stone and The Forgetful Four singing ‘My Old Kentucky Home’

 


2017 Gatton Academy visiting groups at the Cloudbridge Nature Reserve

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“Thanks for the immersive education in all things ecological.  Makes me more committed to fight for a cleaner future than ever! Muchas gracias.”   – Tony

This place is the most amazing place I’ve been!  There is no place on earth where you will find so many different plants and animals or feel so close to nature”    – Marco Garcia

Cloudbridge is ecotourism at its finest. Conservation is key to all that they do and education is everywhere.”  – Olivia Simpson

“Amazing place! Thank you for everything.  Changed my perspective.”  – Xander Bowen

I learned more about the earth and myself everyday.”  – Sarah

“This is the seventh time visiting this magical place – one of the most biologically diverse places on the planet and recognized as a biodiversity hotspot.  There is so much more to the tropics than just the beaches!” –  Dr. Keith Philips

“Thanks for your hospitality, friendliness, and knowledge. What a great few days.  See you next year.”  – Dr. Martin Stone

Thank you all for making Cloudbridge the magical perfect place it is.  Your hospitality, teaching, and interest in our students is unmatched.” – Dr. Derick Strode